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Linux VPN


Using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) has become an essential aspect for Linux users seeking protection, privacy and security during internet access. VPNs encrypt all device traffic through secure tunnels, hiding your IP address and online activity from prying eyes – including your internet service provider (ISP).

This is particularly useful for Linux environments often dealing with sensitive data. Connecting to public Wi-Fi hotspots also carries huge hacking risks covered by VPN shielding. Whether accessing home networks remotely via Linux machines or just basic web use, a Linux VPN should be standard protocol.

Outline VPN on Linux

Outline VPN offers an open-source tool for building and configuring personal VPN servers. The manager is accessible across platforms like Windows, MacOS, iOS and Android. For Linux users, Outline also provides dedicated Debian/Ubuntu and RPM packages.

Installation Process

  1. Download the compatible Outline package for your Linux distribution – either Debian or RPM extensions.
  2. Open terminal access and install the package via apt install (Debian/Ubuntu) or yum install (Fedora/CentOS). This will automatically configure additional repositories required by Outline.
  3. Next install the outline-manager package available in these repos again using apt or yum respectively based on environment type.
  4. Once Outline Manager is installed, enable the service using systemctl commands like sudo systemctl start outline-manager.

Checking if Everything Works

You can test if Outline is correctly set up on your Linux machine through:

  1. Use systemctl status outline* to verify manager and proxy services are actively running.
  2. Access the management console at localhost port 1081 using web URL
  3. Run an internet speed test with Outline connected to observe VPN-routed encryption active for traffic.

If all components work without errors, Outline VPN is successfully configured for your Linux machine!

Creating a Personal VPN Server on Linux

While Outline grants easy access to VPN on Linux client devices, you can take privacy to the next level by creating your own Linux-based VPN server through Outline Manager for encrypted remote access.

Choosing a Hosting Provider

When picking a hosting provider for deploying your bespoke Linux VPN server, consider factors like:

  1. Server Locations: Look for offshore providers outside surveillance alliances like 5/9/14 Eyes countries for anonymity benefits.
  2. Hardware Configurations: Opt for mid to high-tier plans based on projected number of simultaneous connected users and traffic demands.
  3. Payment Options: Utilize anonymous digital currencies like Bitcoin payments if legal instead of traceable payment mechanisms for obscuring identity.
  4. Privacy Policies: Select providers with guaranteed no-logs policies and RAM disk storage protecting user data.

Setting Up the Server

  1. Start off by renting a Linux (preferably Ubuntu) VPS server instance from your chosen hosting provider. Reputable options include Vultr, OVHcloud and Orangecloud.
  2. Access server terminal via SSH and update system packages using apt update/upgrade. Also install curl, DNS utils like bind9-host and fail2ban for security.
  3. For remote SFTP access, install OpenSSH server using apt install openssh-server and nano editor too. Adjust firewall to open TCP port 22 permitting secure shell traffic.
  4. Assign static IP address to server by editing /etc/network/interfaces file accordingly. This prevents dynamic IP changes causing access failures.

Installing Outline Manager

Once your Linux server is provisioned, Outline can be set up for VPN access:

  1. Use SSH to access the server and download the latest Outline Manager binary from GitHub repo into /usr/local/bin path.
  2. Set permissions using chmod +x outline-manager. Next install supervisor which manages running processes using apt install supervisor.
  3. Create Outline supervisor config at /etc/supervisor/conf.d/outline.conf to launch manager at startup.
  4. Enable supervisor, start Outline manager and check status via supervisorctl reread/update , systemctl start outlinemgr and systemctl status outlinemgr.

Creating an Account

  1. To access the Outline web management console, install Nginx reverse proxy server using apt install nginx.
  2. Adjust the default site config file at /etc/nginx/sites-available/default. Update reverse proxy pass directives to point towards Outline console at port 1081.
  3. Access Nginx default site over VPN server public IP on port 80 using credentials displayed. This opens the Outline control panel.
  4. Click on “Create Account” and register new admin credentials comprising username, password and access code for authentication.

Setting Up the VPN Server

Finally, the hosted Linux Outline instance can be configured into a personal VPN end-point:

  1. Within Outline Manager, select ‘Add Server’ and choose DigitalOcean, GCP or AWS to deploy a shadowsocks instance at your preferred location.
  2. Adjust server-side firewalls and visit the displayed IP/port in browser to verify successful VPN deployment through Outline.
  3. Download Outline client apps like Outline-Client.deb package for Ubuntu desktops to connect remotely. Apps are also available for Windows and Apple devices.

And you’re all set! Your private Linux VPN server will now securely tunnel and shield device traffic no matter where you connect from.

Benefits of Using a Personal VPN Server on Linux

Compared to reliance on shared commercial VPNs, hosting a dedicated Linux VPN server using tools like Outline Manager ushers key advantages:

Enhanced Security and Privacy

Commercial VPNs still hold user data risks despite their claims. A self-hosted VPN server on hardened Linux infrastructure guarantees true confidentiality without snooping or seizure risks from agencies.

No Reliance on Third-Party Services

By owning your Linux VPN end-point rather than recurring subscriptions, you remain worry-free from issues like VPN shutdowns that suddenly kill user access. The server stays under your independent control regardless of outside conditions.

Cost-Effective Solution

A monthly VPN subscription for 5-10 user devices can easily cost $10+ spoken $120-240 yearly. Whereas an entire Linux VPS for hosting hardware costs below $100 annually – saving 60%+ yearly even after tuning costs.


Whether accessing personal Linux machines remotely or shielding device traffic from public networks, encapsulating connectivity via VPNs is vital for security. While commercial services work fine, self-hosting a Linux-based personal VPN server leverages greater privacy, self-reliance and affordability.

With easy deployment tools like Outline simplifying setup and configuration, homebrew Linux VPN infrastructures offer a great off-the-grid connectivity solution. Implement robust encryption plus help friends and family stay secure via private VPN gifting!